Climate change refers to the long-term alteration of global weather patterns, especially increases in temperature and precipitation, due to human activities such as burning fossil fuels, deforestation, and other industrial processes. The accumulation of greenhouse gases (such as carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide) in the atmosphere traps heat from the sun, causing the planet to warm.

This warming can lead to a range of impacts, including rising sea levels, more frequent and severe weather events such as hurricanes and droughts, and changes in ecosystems and agriculture. Climate change is a complex and pressing issue that requires urgent action to mitigate its impacts and prevent further damage to the planet.

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